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Similar task features shape judgment and categorization processes

Hoffmann, Janina A. and von Helversen, Bettina and Rieskamp, Jörg. (2016) Similar task features shape judgment and categorization processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42 (8). pp. 1193-1217.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/53374/

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Abstract

The distinction between similarity-based and rule-based strategies has instigated a large body of research in categorization and judgment. Within both domains, the task characteristics guiding strategy shifts are increasingly well documented. Across domains, past research has observed shifts from rule-based strategies in judgment to similarity-based strategies in categorization, but limited these comparisons to 1 prototypical environment, a linear task structure, and a restricted set of strategies. To systematically compare the 2 domains, we considered several instantiations of rule-based and similarity-based strategies and examined strategy choice across different types of judgment and categorization tasks. Between participants, we varied task characteristics from a 1-dimensional linear to a multidimensional linear and to 2 multidimensional nonlinear tasks. Irrespective of domain, strategies considered, or model comparison technique used, we find that more participants relied on similarity-based strategies when the functional relationship between the cues and the criterion was nonlinear. Shifts from rule-based strategies in judgment to similarity-based strategies in categorization, however, were rare and most pronounced in 1-dimensional environments. These results support the hypothesis that the cognitive strategies people select to solve a judgment or categorization task depend less on the domain but more on the complexity of the task. (PsycINFO Database Record
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Economic Psychology (Rieskamp)
UniBasel Contributors:Rieskamp, Jörg
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Psychological Association
ISSN:0278-7393
e-ISSN:1939-1285
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Oct 2017 13:37
Deposited On:27 Oct 2017 13:37

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