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The structure of SV 40 chromatin

UNSPECIFIED. (1978) The structure of SV 40 chromatin. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences, Vol. 283, H. 997. pp. 299-303.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258012

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Abstract

Simian virus 40 (SV40) nucleoprotein complexes were studied with the electron microscope. Depending on the isolation procedure, SV40 chromatin has two different conformations: complexes isolated in the presence of 0.15 M NaCl appeared as very compact globular structures, while those isolated in the presence of 0.6 M NaCl had the typical 'beads-on-a-string' appearance of the primary nucleofilament. Concomitant with this structural change was a variation in the histone pattern and sedimentation behaviour of the complexes: with NaCl at 0.15 mol 1(-1) the isolated complexes contained both the nucleosomal histones and histone H1, and sedimented in sucrose gradients at 70S. Increasing the ionic strength to 0.6 M NaCl resulted in the removal of histone H1 from the complexes and in a decrease of the sedimentation coefficient to 40S. DNA relaxing enzyme is associated with the SV40 nucleoprotein complexes. The numbers of superhelical turns in DNA from compact and open types of complexes were found to be the same. Therefore the transition from the condensed to the open structure of viral chromatin does not require a change in the topological winding number of its DNA.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Cell Biology (Keller)
UniBasel Contributors:Keller, Walter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Royal Society of London
ISSN:0962-8436
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:22
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:29

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