The aging decision maker: Cognitive aging and the adaptive selection of decision strategies

Mata, Rui and Schooler, Lael J. and Rieskamp, Joerg. (2011) The aging decision maker: Cognitive aging and the adaptive selection of decision strategies. In: Heuristics: The foundations of adaptive behavior. New York, pp. 454-474.

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Are older adults' decision abilities fundamentally compromised by age-related cognitive decline? Or can they adaptively select decision strategies? One study (N = 163) investigated the impact of cognitive aging on the ability to select decision strategies as a function of environment structure. Participants made decisions in either an environment that favored the use of information-intensive strategies or one favoring the use of simple, information-frugal strategies. Older adults tended to (a) look up less information and take longer to process it and (b) use simpler, less cognitively demanding strategies. In accordance with the idea that age-related cognitive decline leads to reliance on simpler strategies, measures of fluid intelligence explained age-related differences in information search and strategy selection. Nevertheless, both young and older adults seem to be equally adaptive decision makers in that they adjust their information search and strategy selection as a function of environment structure, suggesting that the aging decision maker is an adaptive one.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Cognitive and Decision Sciences (Mata)
UniBasel Contributors:Mata, Rui
Item Type:Book Section, refereed
Book Section Subtype:Further Contribution in a Book
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Book item
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Last Modified:16 Dec 2019 08:33
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 08:33

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