International comparisons of behavioral and emotional problems in preschool children: parents' reports from 24 societies

Rescorla, Leslie A. and Achenbach, Thomas M. and Ivanova, Masha Y. and Harder, Valerie S. and Otten, Laura and Bilenberg, Niels and Bjarnadottir, Gudrun and Capron, Christiane and De Pauw, Sarah S. W. and Dias, Pedro and Dobrean, Anca and Döpfner, Manfred and Duyme, Michel and Eapen, Valsamma and Erol, Nese and Esmaeili, Elaheh Mohammad and Ezpeleta, Lourdes and Frigerio, Alessandra and Fung, Daniel S. S. and Gonçalves, Miguel and Guðmundsson, Halldór and Jeng, Suh-Fang and Jusiené, Roma and Ah Kim, Young and Kristensen, Solvejg and Liu, Jianghong and Lecannelier, Felipe and Leung, Patrick W. L. and Machado, Bárbara César and Montirosso, Rosario and Ja Oh, Kyung and Ooi, Yoon Phaik and Plück, Julia and Pomalima, Rolando and Pranvera, Jetishi and Schmeck, Klaus and Shahini, Mimoza and Silva, Jaime R. and Simsek, Zeynep and Sourander, Andre and Valverde, José and van der Ende, Jan and Van Leeuwen, Karla G. and Wu, Yen-Tzu and Yurdusen, Sema and Zubrick, Stephen R. and Verhulst, Frank C.. (2011) International comparisons of behavioral and emotional problems in preschool children: parents' reports from 24 societies. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 40 (3). pp. 456-467.

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International comparisons were conducted of preschool children's behavioral and emotional problems as reported on the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5 by parents in 24 societies (N = 19,850). Item ratings were aggregated into scores on syndromes; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-oriented scales; a Stress Problems scale; and Internalizing, Externalizing, and Total Problems scales. Effect sizes for scale score differences among the 24 societies ranged from small to medium (3-12%). Although societies differed greatly in language, culture, and other characteristics, Total Problems scores for 18 of the 24 societies were within 7.1 points of the omnicultural mean of 33.3 (on a scale of 0-198). Gender and age differences, as well as gender and age interactions with society, were all very small (effect sizes < 1%). Across all pairs of societies, correlations between mean item ratings averaged .78, and correlations between internal consistency alphas for the scales averaged .92, indicating that the rank orders of mean item ratings and internal consistencies of scales were very similar across diverse societies.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
UniBasel Contributors:Ooi, Yoon Phaik and Schmeck, Klaus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:26 Oct 2023 15:40
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 09:57

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