Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands

Schmitt, David P. and Alcalay, Lidia and Allik, Jüri and Ault, Lara and Austers, Ivars and Bennett, Kevin L. and Bianchi, Gabriel and Boholst, Fredric and Cunen, Mary Ann Borg and Braeckman, Johan and Brainerd, Edwin G. and Caral, Leo Gerard A. and Caron, Gabrielle and Casullo, Maria Martina and Cunningham, Michael and Daibo, Ikuo and De Backer, Charlotte and De Souza, Eros and Diaz-Loving, Rolando and Diniz, Gláucia and Durkin, Kevin and Echegaray, Marcela and Eremsoy, Ekin and Euler, Harald A. and Falzon, Ruth and Fisher, Maryanne L. and Foley, Dolores and Fry, Douglas P. and Fry, Sirpa and Ghayur, M. Arif and Golden, Debra L. and Grammer, Karl and Grimaldi, Liria and Halberstadt, Jamin and Herrera, Dora and Hertel, Janine and Hoffmann, Heather and Hooper, Danica and Hradilekova, Zuzana and Hudek-Kene-evi, Jasna and Jaafer, Jas and Jankauskaite, Margarita and Kabangu-Stahel, Heidi and Kardum, Igor and Khoury, Brigitte and Kwon, Hayrran and Laidra, Kaia and Laireiter, Anton-Rupert and Lakerveld, Dustin and Lampert, Ada and Lauri, Maryanne and Lavallée, Marguerite and Lee, Suk-Jae and Leung, Luk Chung and Locke, Kenneth D. and Locke, Vance and Luksik, Ivan and Magaisa, Ishmael and Marcinkeviciene, Dalia and Mata, André and Mata, Rui and McCarthy, Barry and Mills, Michael E. and Moreira, João and Moreira, Sérgio and Moya, Miguel and Munyae, M. and Noller, Patricia and Opre, Adrian and Panayiotou, Alexia and Petrovic, Nebojsa and Poels, Karolien and Popper, Miroslav and Poulimenou, Maria and P'yatokha, Volodymyr and Raymond, Michel and Reips, Ulf-Dietrich and Reneau, Susan E. and Rivera-Aragon, Sofia and Rowatt, Wade C. and Ruch, Willibald and Rus, Velko S. and Safir, Marilyn P. and Salas, Sonia and Sambataro, Fabio and Sandnabba, Kenneth N. and Schulmeyer, Marion K. and Schütz, Astrid and Scrimali, Tullio and Shackelford, Todd K. and Shaver, Phillip R. and Sichona, Francis and Simonetti, Franco and Sinehsaw, Tilahun and Speelman, Tom and Spyrou, Spyros and Sümer, H. Canan and Sümer, Nebi and Supekova, Marianna and Szlendak, Tomasz and Taylor, Robin and Timmermans, Bert and Tooke, William and Tsaousis, Ioannis and Tungaraza, F. S. K. and Vandermassen, Griet and Vanhoomissen, Tom and Van Overwalle, Frank and Vanwesenbeeck, Ine and Vasey, Paul L. and Verissimo, João and Voracek, Martin and Wan, Wendy W. N. and Wang, Ta-Wei and Weiss, Peter and Wijaya, Andik and Woertman, Liesbeth and Youn, Gahyun and Zupanèiè, Agata and International Sexuality Description Project, . (2003) Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85 (1). pp. 85-104.

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Evolutionary psychologists have hypothesized that men and women possess both long-term and short-term mating strategies, with men's short-term strategy differentially rooted in the desire for sexual variety. In this article, findings from a cross-cultural survey of 16,288 people across 10 major world regions (including North America, South America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Oceania, South/Southeast Asia, and East Asia) demonstrate that sex differences in the desire for sexual variety are culturally universal throughout these world regions. Sex differences were evident regardless of whether mean, median, distributional, or categorical indexes of sexual differentiation were evaluated. Sex differences were evident regardless of the measures used to evaluate them. Among contemporary theories of human mating, pluralistic approaches that hypothesize sex differences in the evolved design of short-term mating provide the most compelling account of these robust empirical findings.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Cognitive and Decision Sciences (Hertwig)
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Society & Choice > Cognitive and Decision Sciences (Mata)
UniBasel Contributors:Mata, Rui
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Psychological Association
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Nov 2017 10:17
Deposited On:23 Nov 2017 10:17

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