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The role of social approach and avoidance motives for subjective well-being and the successful transition to adulthood

Nikitin, Jana and Freund, Alexandra M.. (2008) The role of social approach and avoidance motives for subjective well-being and the successful transition to adulthood. Applied Psychology, 57 (S1). pp. 90-111.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/44335/

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Abstract

Social affiliation appears to be a central human need. Taking a developmental perspective, we discuss whether and how the desire to belong (approach motivation) and the fear of being rejected (avoidance motivation) might be of central importance for understanding success or failure in transitional phases, especially in the transition from adolescence into adulthood. Cognitive, emotional, and behavioral consequences of social motives (approach, avoidance, and their co-occurrence) are reviewed. We argue that both tendencies need to be taken into account for understanding affiliation motivation and behavior and its significance for life satisfaction and well-being. A predominant social approach motivation has positive consequences for cognition, behavior, emotion, and well-being, whereas the opposite pattern holds for a predominant avoidance motivation. Co-occurrence of both is characterised by ambivalent cognitions and emotions, and unstable behavior. Taking a developmental perspective, however, and considering social development in the transition to adulthood, co-occurrence might be more beneficial than a predominant avoidance motivation.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Nikitin)
UniBasel Contributors:Nikitin, Jana
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0269-994X
e-ISSN:1464-0597
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:28 Nov 2017 10:42
Deposited On:28 Nov 2017 10:42

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