Shedding light on biology of bacterial cells

Schneider, Johannes P. and Basler, Marek. (2016) Shedding light on biology of bacterial cells. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B : Biological Sciences , 371 (1707). p. 20150499.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/44318/

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To understand basic principles of living organisms one has to know many different properties of all cellular components, their mutual interactions but also their amounts and spatial organization. Live-cell imaging is one possible approach to obtain such data. To get multiple snapshots of a cellular process, the imaging approach has to be gentle enough to not disrupt basic functions of the cell but also have high temporal and spatial resolution to detect and describe the changes. Light microscopy has become a method of choice and since its early development over 300 years ago revolutionized our understanding of living organisms. As most cellular components are indistinguishable from the rest of the cellular contents, the second revolution came from a discovery of specific labelling techniques, such as fusions to fluorescent proteins that allowed specific tracking of a component of interest. Currently, several different tags can be tracked independently and this allows us to simultaneously monitor the dynamics of several cellular components and from the correlation of their dynamics to infer their respective functions. It is, therefore, not surprising that live-cell fluorescence microscopy significantly advanced our understanding of basic cellular processes. Current cameras are fast enough to detect changes with millisecond time resolution and are sensitive enough to detect even a few photons per pixel. Together with constant improvement of properties of fluorescent tags, it is now possible to track single molecules in living cells over an extended period of time with a great temporal resolution. The parallel development of new illumination and detection techniques allowed breaking the diffraction barrier and thus further pushed the resolution limit of light microscopy. In this review, we would like to cover recent advances in live-cell imaging technology relevant to bacterial cells and provide a few examples of research that has been possible due to imaging.This article is part of the themed issue 'The new bacteriology'.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Infection Biology (Basler)
UniBasel Contributors:Basler, Marek and Schneider, Johannes
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Royal Society of London
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Oct 2017 13:46
Deposited On:25 Oct 2017 13:46

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