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Optimum model extent for numerical simulation of tunnel inflow in fractured rock

Farhadian, Hadi and Katibeh, Homayoon and Huggenberger, Peter and Butscher, Christoph. (2016) Optimum model extent for numerical simulation of tunnel inflow in fractured rock. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 60. pp. 21-29.

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Abstract

The objective of this study is the introduction of an optimum model extent in discontinuous rock masses for tunnel inflow assessment using numerical models. Tunnel groundwater inflow is an important problem in tunneling, and numerical simulation is widely used for estimating the amount of tunnel inflow. An adequate size of the model domain is of very high importance when using such models. On the one hand, if the tunnel boundary is too close to the outer model boundary, the simulated inflow rate into the tunnel is significantly overestimated (which will be shown in the present study). On the other hand, if the model domain is very large, models may become ‘‘unhandy”, and simulations become very expensive with respect to computer memory and CPU. In this technical note, an approach is presented that derives an optimum model extent for numerical simulation of tunnel inflow in fractured rock. The approach uses the two-dimensional universal distinct element code (UDEC). The impact of different model parameters, such as tunnel radius, groundwater level, joint spacing, joint dip/dip direction and joint aperture on the optimum model extent has been evaluated. Based on the results, an optimum model extent chart is presented that allows modelers a quick determination of the optimum model extent as a function of the most significant parameters, which are the tunnel depth under the groundwater level, tunnel radius and joint spacing. The objective of this study is the introduction of an optimum model extent in discontinuous rock massesfor tunnel inflow assessment using numerical models. Tunnel groundwater inflow is an important problemin tunneling, and numerical simulation is widely used for estimating the amount of tunnel inflow. Anadequate size of the model domain is of very high importance when using such models. On the one hand,if the tunnel boundary is too close to the outer model boundary, the simulated inflow rate into the tunnelis significantly overestimated (which will be shown in the present study). On the other hand, if the modeldomain is very large, models may become ‘‘unhandy”, and simulations become very expensive withrespect to computer memory and CPU. In this technical note, an approach is presented that derives anoptimum model extent for numerical simulation of tunnel inflow in fractured rock. The approach usesthe two-dimensional universal distinct element code (UDEC). The impact of different model parameters,such as tunnel radius, groundwater level, joint spacing, joint dip/dip direction and joint aperture on theoptimum model extent has been evaluated. Based on the results, an optimum model extent chart is presentedthat allows modelers a quick determination of the optimum model extent as a function of themost significant parameters, which are the tunnel depth under the groundwater level, tunnel radiusand joint spacing.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geologie-Paläontologie > Applied Geology (Huggenberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Huggenberger, Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0886-7798
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:15 Aug 2016 08:04
Deposited On:15 Aug 2016 07:58

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