Development of monitoring and modelling tools as basis for sustainable thermal management concepts of urban groundwater bodies

Müller, Matthias H. and Epting, Jannis and Köhler, Mandy and Haendel, Falk and Huggenberger, Peter. (2015) Development of monitoring and modelling tools as basis for sustainable thermal management concepts of urban groundwater bodies. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 17. Katlenburg-Lindau.

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Increasing groundwater temperatures observed in many urban areas strongly interfere with the demand of thermal groundwater use. The groundwater temperatures in these urban areas are affected by numerous interacting factors: open and closed-loop geothermal systems for heating and cooling, sealed surfaces, constructions in the subsurface (infrastructure and buildings), artificial groundwater recharge, and interaction with rivers. On the one hand, these increasing groundwater temperatures will negatively affect the potential for its use in the future e.g. for cooling purposes. On the other hand, elevated subsurface temperatures can be considered as an energy source for shallow geothermal heating systems. Integrated thermal management concepts are therefore needed to coordinate the thermal use of groundwater in urban areas. These concepts should be based on knowledge of the driving processes which influence the thermal regime of the aquifer. We are currently investigating the processes influencing the groundwater temperature throughout the urban area of Basel City, Switzerland. This involves a three-dimensional numerical groundwater heat-transport model including geothermal use and interactions with the unsaturated zone such as subsurface constructions reaching into the aquifer. The cantonal groundwater monitoring system is an important part of the data base in our model, which will help to develop sustainable management strategies. However, single temperature measurements in conventional groundwater wells can be biased by vertical thermal convection. Therefore, multilevel observation wells are used in the urban areas of the city to monitor subsurface temperatures reaching from the unsaturated zone to the base of the aquifer. These multilevel wells are distributed in a pilot area in order to monitor the subsurface temperatures in the vicinity of deep buildings and to quantify the influence of the geothermal use of groundwater. Based on time series of the conventional groundwater wells, the multilevel observation wells and the different boundary conditions we characterize the groundwater temperature regimes using a regional groundwater heattransport model. In the urban area of Basel, mean annual groundwater temperatures are significantly increasing with 0.05 K per year in the period of 1994 to 2014, which is most likely due to anthropogenic influences. Overall, mean annual groundwater temperatures of Basel are 3.0 ± 0.7 K higher compared to the mean annual air temperature, which is considered the expectable natural groundwater temperature. Additionally, the findings highlight the importance of appropriate monitoring systems for quantifying
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Applied Geology (Huggenberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Huggenberger, Peter and Epting, Jannis and Müller, Matthias Heidulf
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Conference or workshop item Subtype:Conference Paper
Publisher:European Geophysical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Conference paper
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2018 10:53
Deposited On:08 Nov 2018 10:53

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