Activities of N,N'-Diarylurea MMV665852 analogs against Schistosoma mansoni

Cowan, Noemi and Dätwyler, Philipp and Ernst, Beat and Wang, Chunkai and Vennerstrom, Jonathan L. and Spangenberg, Thomas and Keiser, Jennifer. (2015) Activities of N,N'-Diarylurea MMV665852 analogs against Schistosoma mansoni. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 59 (4). pp. 1935-1941.

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There is an unmet need to discover and develop novel antischistosomal drugs. As exemplified by MMV665852, N,N'-diarylureas have recently emerged as a promising antischistosomal chemotype. In this study, we evaluated the structure-activity relationships of 46 commercially available analogs of MMV665852 on newly transformed schistosomula (NTS) and adult Schistosoma mansoni worms in vitro. Active compounds were evaluated with a cytotoxicity assay, in silico calculations, metabolic stability studies, and an in vivo assay with mice harboring adult S. mansoni worms. Of the 46 compounds tested at 33.3 μM, 13 and 14 compounds killed NTS and adult worms, respectively, within 72 h. Nine compounds had 90% inhibitory concentrations (IC90s) of ≤10 μM against adult worms, with selectivity indexes of ≥2.8. Their physicochemical properties and permeation through an artificial membrane indicated good to moderate intestinal absorption. Their metabolic stabilities ranged from low to high. Despite satisfactory in vitro results and in silico predictions, only one compound resulted in a statistically significant worm burden reduction (66%) after administration of a single oral dose of 400 mg/kg of body weight to S. mansoni-infected mice. Worm burden reductions of 0 to 43% were observed for the remaining eight compounds tested. In conclusion, several analogs of the N,N'-diarylurea MMV665852 had high efficacy against S. mansoni in vitro and favorable physicochemical properties for permeation through the intestinal wall. To counteract the low efficacy observed in the mouse model, further investigations should focus on identifying compounds with improved solubility and pharmacokinetic properties.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Pharmazie > Molekulare Pharmazie (Ernst)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Helminth Drug Development (Keiser)
UniBasel Contributors:Ernst, Beat and Dätwyler, Philipp
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:28 Nov 2017 11:11
Deposited On:02 Feb 2016 10:00

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