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Comorbidity of Mental Disorders and Chronic Pain: Chronology of Onset in Adolescents of a National Representative Cohort

Tegethoff, Marion and Belardi, Angelo and Stalujanis, Esther and Meinlschmidt, Gunther. (2015) Comorbidity of Mental Disorders and Chronic Pain: Chronology of Onset in Adolescents of a National Representative Cohort. Journal of Pain, 16 (10). pp. 1054-1064.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/40871/

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Abstract

This study sought to estimate (1) the prevalence of the co-occurrence of, (2) the association between, and (3) the sequence of onset of chronic pain and mental disorders in adolescents. We used weighted data (N = 6,483) from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (participants' age, 13-18 years). Lifetime chronic pain was assessed by adolescent self-report; lifetime DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed by the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview, complemented by parent report. Among the participants in the study, 1,600 of 6,476 (25.93%) had experienced any type of chronic pain and any mental disorder in their lifetime. All types of pain were related to mental disorders. The most substantial temporal associations were those with onset of mental disorders preceding onset of chronic pain, including those between affective disorders and headaches and any chronic pain; between anxiety disorders and chronic back/neck pain, headaches, and any chronic pain; between behavior disorders and headaches and any chronic pain; and between any mental disorder and chronic back/neck pain, headaches, and any chronic pain.; Findings indicate that affective, anxiety, and behavior disorders are early risk factors of chronic pain, thereby highlighting the relevance of child mental disorders for pain medicine. To improve prevention and interventions for chronic pain, integrative care should be considered.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Abteilung Klinische Psychologie und Psychiatrie
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Meinlschmidt, Gunther and Belardi, Angelo
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1526-5900
e-ISSN:1528-8447
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:02 Nov 2017 11:23
Deposited On:02 Nov 2017 11:23

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