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Morphological perspective on the sedimentary characteristics of a coarse, braided reach : Tagliamento River (NE Italy)

Emanuel Huber, and Peter Huggenberger, . (2015) Morphological perspective on the sedimentary characteristics of a coarse, braided reach : Tagliamento River (NE Italy). Geomorphology, Vol. 248. pp. 111-124.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6419789

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Abstract

Abstract In order to understand heterogeneity distribution of hydraulic properties, many studies have proposed models of coarse, braided river deposits. However, they often focus either on the surface/near surface or on ancient deposit analysis. Furthermore, the link between morphological (surface) and sedimentological (outcrops) information has not been fully explored yet. This publication aims to characterize the morphodynamics of a braided, gravel-bed reach of the Tagliamento River (NE Italy) and to assess its relationship with the subsurface heterogeneity. The morphological analysis is based on a LiDAR-derived DEM, aerial and satellite photographs from 1998 to 2011, as well as field observations. A water-stage time series allows the morphological changes to be related to the discharge dynamics. The sedimentological knowledge on coarse, braided deposits was mainly gained from the observation of analog Pleistocene coarse deposits in Switzerland. The main geomorphological elements are identified in terms of their topographic signature and genesis, setting apart the trichotomy water–vegetation–bar. The braidplain is characterized by higher-lying zones with dentritic gully drainage networks and active zones where most of the morphology reworking occurs. Furthermore, two morphologies mark the active zones: a low-discharge morphology (low-discharge incisions and channels, slip-face lobes, etc.) superimposed on a high-discharge morphology (gravel sheets, scours, etc.). Each morphological element is related to a depositional (i.e., sedimentological) element whose preservation potential in the subsurface is assessed as a function of the river-bed aggradation dynamic. The settings that impact the subsurface flow in terms of fast pathway and connectivity are addressed.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geologie-Paläontologie > Applied Geology (Huggenberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Huber, Emanuel and Huggenberger, Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0169-555X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:02 Oct 2015 10:00
Deposited On:02 Oct 2015 10:00

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