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Von der Adipositas zum Diabetes

Stoeckli, R. and Keller, U.. (2002) Von der Adipositas zum Diabetes. Therapeutische Umschau, Bd. 59, H. 8. pp. 388-392.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6419903

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Abstract

The major risk factor for the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes is obesity. A key role is the new understanding of adipocytes as an endocrine system. Adipocytes secrete numerous substances that contribute to peripheral insulin resistance, including adiponectin, resistin, TNF-alpha and interleukin 6. There is also a role of free fatty acids by blocking directly intracellular metabolism of glucose and by their lipotoxicity. The pre-receptor metabolism of cortisol may be enhanced in visceral adipose tissue by activation of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1. The new class of thiazolidinediones (glitazones), binding to the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR-gamma) lowers the levels of resistin and increases adiponectin, resulting in an improvement of glucose homeostasis. However, the first step to avoid insulin resistance should be an attempt to reduce body weight and to increase physical activity. These are successful means to avoid the development of type 2 diabetes from prediabetic states, as shown recently in 3 independent intervention trials.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Metabolism (Keller/Müller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
UniBasel Contributors:Keller, Ulrich O.
Item Type:Article
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Hans Huber
ISSN:0040-5930
Note:Variant title: [From obesity to diabetes] -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:02 Oct 2015 10:00
Deposited On:02 Oct 2015 10:00

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