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The fold of human aquaporin 1

de Groot, B. L. and Heymann, J. B. and Engel, A. and Mitsuoka, K. and Fujiyoshi, Y. and Grubmüller, H.. (2000) The fold of human aquaporin 1. Journal of molecular biology, Vol. 300, H. 4. pp. 987-994.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5262368

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Abstract

The fold of human aquaporin 1 is determined from cryo-electron microscopic data at 4.5 A resolution. The monomeric structure consists of two transmembrane triple helices arranged around a pseudo-2-fold axis connected by a long flexible extracellular loop. Each triplet contains between its second and third helix a functional loop containing the highly conserved fingerprint NPA motif. These functional loops are assumed to fold inwards between the two triplets, thereby forming the heart of the water channel. The helix topology was determined from the directionality pattern of each of the six transmembrane helices with respect to the membrane, together with constraints defined by the sequence and atomic force microscopy data. The directionality of the helices was determined by collecting the best- fitting orientations resulting from a search through the three- dimensional experimental map for a large number of alpha-helical fragments. Tests on cryo-electron crystallographic bacteriorhodopsin data suggest that our method is generally applicable to determine the topology of helical proteins for which only medium-resolution electron microscopy data are available.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Structural Biology (Engel)
UniBasel Contributors:Engel, Andreas H
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-2836
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:21
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:23

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