Substrate specificity of the rat liver Na(+)-bile salt cotransporter in Xenopus laevis oocytes and in CHO cells

Schroeder, A. and Eckhardt, U. and Stieger, B. and Tynes, R. and Schteingart, C. D. and Hofmann, A. F. and Meier, P. J. and Hagenbuch, B.. (1998) Substrate specificity of the rat liver Na(+)-bile salt cotransporter in Xenopus laevis oocytes and in CHO cells. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, Vol. 274, H. 2 , G370-G375.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261711

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It has been proposed that the hepatocellular Na(+)-dependent bile salt uptake system exhibits a broad substrate specificity in intact hepatocytes. In contrast, recent expression studies in mammalian cell lines have suggested that the cloned rat liver Na(+)-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (Ntcp) may transport only taurocholate. To characterize its substrate specificity Ntcp was stably transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. These cells exhibited saturable Na(+)-dependent uptake of [3H]taurocholate [Michaelis constant (K(m)) of approximately 34 microM] that was strongly inhibited by all major bile salts, estrone 3-sulfate, bumetanide, and cyclosporin A. Ntcp cRNA-injected Xenopus laevis oocytes and the transfected CHO cells exhibited saturable Na(+)-dependent uptake of [3H]taurochenodeoxycholate (Km of approximately 5 microM), [3H]tauroursodeoxycholate (Km of approximately 14 microM), and [14C]glycocholate (Km of approximately 27 microM). After induction of gene expression by sodium butyrate, Na(+)-dependent transport of [3H]estrone 3-sulfate (Km of approximately 27 microM) could also be detected in the transfected CHO cells. However, there was no detectable Na(+)-dependent uptake of [3H]bumetanide or [3H]cyclosporin A. These results show that the cloned Ntcp can mediate Na(+)-dependent uptake of all physiological bile salts as well as of the steroid conjugate estrone 3-sulfate. Hence, Ntcp is a multispecific transporter with preference for bile salts and other anionic steroidal compounds.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physiological Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:21
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:23

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