Asymmetrically dividing Drosophila neuroblasts utilize two spatially and temporally independent cytokinesis pathways

Roth, Michaela and Roubinet, Chantal and Iffländer, Niklas and Ferrand, Alexia and Cabernard, Clemens. (2015) Asymmetrically dividing Drosophila neuroblasts utilize two spatially and temporally independent cytokinesis pathways. Nature communications, Vol. 6 , Article Nr. 6551.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6373463

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Precise cleavage furrow positioning is required for faithful chromosome segregation and cell fate determinant distribution. In most metazoan cells, contractile ring placement is regulated by the mitotic spindle through the centralspindlin complex, and potentially also the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC). Drosophila neuroblasts, asymmetrically dividing neural stem cells, but also other cells utilize both spindle-dependent and spindle-independent cleavage furrow positioning pathways. However, the relative contribution of each pathway towards cytokinesis is currently unclear. Here we report that in Drosophila neuroblasts, the mitotic spindle, but not polarity cues, controls the localization of the CPC component Survivin. We also show that Survivin and the mitotic spindle are required to stabilize the position of the cleavage furrow in late anaphase and to complete furrow constriction. These results support the model that two spatially and temporally separate pathways control different key aspects during asymmetric cell division, ensuring correct cell fate determinant segregation and neuroblast self-renewal.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Growth and Development (Cabernard)
UniBasel Contributors:Cabernard, Clemens and Roth, Michaela and Roubinet, Chantal and Loynton-Ferrand, Alexia and Ifflaender, Niklas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 May 2015 08:45
Deposited On:08 May 2015 08:45

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