Computed tomography osteoabsorptiometry is reliable for the determination of the subchondral bone mineralization distribution in the rabbit knee

Anetzberger, H. and Mayer, A. and Schulz, C. U. and Muller-Gerbl, M.. (2012) Computed tomography osteoabsorptiometry is reliable for the determination of the subchondral bone mineralization distribution in the rabbit knee. European Surgical Research, 48 (4). pp. 208-214.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6338245

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Rabbits are among the most frequently used animals in osteoarthritis research. It is meanwhile accepted that the subchondral bone plate (SBP) plays a key role in the development of osteoarthritis. The most suitable technique for analyzing subchondral bone mineralization is computed tomography osteoabsorptiometry (CT-OAM). Because CT-OAM has not yet been applied to smaller animals, the purpose of this study is to test the reliability of CT-OAM in the rabbit knee. Another important task in animal experiments is the intra- and interindividual difference of the measurement parameters. Our hypothesis is that there is no difference regarding both the position of the density maxima and the bone mineral density (BMD) of the SBP comparing right and left tibial plateaus of rabbits. For evaluating the reliability, a rabbit knee was examined by computed tomography 6 times at weekly intervals. The subchondral mineralization distribution was measured by means of CT-OAM. Positions of the density maxima and BMD of the SBP were determined in a standardized procedure. Furthermore, both parameters were evaluated in 6 female White New Zealand rabbits. Positions of density maxima and BMD in the SBP in left tibial plateaus were compared with right tibial plateaus. The relative coefficient of variation as a parameter for reproducibility was 1.6% for determining the position of the density maxima and 1.2% for measuring the BMD. The positions of density maxima and relative BMD between right and left tibial plateaus varied only about 2% intraindividually, whereas interindividual variance was about 10%. In conclusion, determination of the position of density maxima as well as BMD of the SBP by means of CT-OAM is reliable and reproducible in the rabbit knee. We recommend using the contralateral limb as control, because intraindividual accordance of the mineralization patterns and of the BMD of the SBP was higher than interindividual accordance.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Anatomy > Musculosceletal Research (Müller-Gerbl)
UniBasel Contributors:Müller-Gerbl, Magdalena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Karger Publishers
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Oct 2017 07:37
Deposited On:10 Apr 2015 09:14

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