Angiopoietins in angiogenesis

Fagiani, E. and Christofori, G.. (2013) Angiopoietins in angiogenesis. Cancer letters, Vol. 328, H. 1. S. 18-26.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6338675

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Tie-1 and Tie-2 tyrosine kinase receptors are expressed specifically on vascular endothelial cells and on a certain subtype of macrophages implicated in angiogenesis, thus, they have been a major focus of angiogenesis research. Tie-1 and Tie-2 are essential for vascular maturation during developmental, physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Angiopoietin 1-4 (Ang-1-4) have been identified as bona fide ligands of the Tie-2 receptor, while Tie-1 remains an orphan receptor which is able to heterodimerize with Tie-2 and to modulate Tie-2 signal transduction. The most exhaustively studied angiopoietins are Ang-1 and Ang-2. Ang-1 is a critical player in vessel maturation and it mediates migration, adhesion and survival of endothelial cells. Ang-2 disrupts the connections between the endothelium and perivascular cells and promotes cell death and vascular regression. Yet, in conjunction with VEGF, Ang-2 promotes neo-vascularization. Hence, angiopoietins exert crucial roles in the angiogenic switch during tumor progression, and increased expression of Ang-2 relative to Ang-1 in tumors correlates with poor prognosis. Its central role in the regulation of physiological and pathological angiogenesis makes the angiopoietin/Tie signaling pathway a therapeutically attractive target for the treatment of vascular disease and cancer.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Biochemistry and Genetics > Tumor Biology (Christofori)
UniBasel Contributors:Christofori, Gerhard M.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 Apr 2015 09:13
Deposited On:10 Apr 2015 09:13

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