edoc

LUR models for particulate matters in the Taipei metropolis with high densities of roads and strong activities of industry, commerce and construction

Lee, Jui-Huna and Wu, Chang-Fu and Hoek, Gerard and de Hoogh, Kees and Beelen, Rob and Brunekreef, Bert and Chan, Chang-Chuan. (2015) LUR models for particulate matters in the Taipei metropolis with high densities of roads and strong activities of industry, commerce and construction. The science of the total environment, Vol. 514. pp. 178-184.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6348616

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

Traffic intensity, length of road, and proximity to roads are the most common traffic indicators in the land use regression (LUR) models for particulate matter in ESCAPE study areas in Europe. This study explored what local variables can improve the performance of LUR models in an Asian metropolis with high densities of roads and strong activities of industry, commerce and construction. By following the ESCAPE procedure, we derived LUR models of PM2.5, PM2.5 absorbance, PM10, and PMcoarse (PM2.5-10) in Taipei. The overall annual average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, and PMcoarse were 26.0±5.6, 48.6±5.9, and 23.3±3.1μg/m(3), respectively, and the absorption coefficient of PM2.5 was 2.0±0.4×10(-5)m(-1). Our LUR models yielded R(2) values of 95%, 96%, 87%, and 65% for PM2.5, PM2.5 absorbance, PM10, and PMcoarse, respectively. PM2.5 levels were increased by local traffic variables, industrial, construction, and residential land-use variables and decreased by rivers; while PM2.5 absorbance levels were increased by local traffic variables, industrial, and commercial land-use variables in the models. PMcoarse levels were increased by elevated highways. Road area explained more variance than road length by increasing the incremental value of 27% and 6% adjusted R(2) for PM2.5 and PM10 models, respectively. In the PM2.5 absorbance model, road area and transportation facility explain 29% more variance than road length. In the PMcoarse model, industrial and new local variables instead of road length improved the incremental value of adjusted R(2) from 39% to 60%. We concluded that road area can better explain the spatial distribution of PM2.5 and PM2.5 absorbance concentrations than road length. By incorporating road area and other new local variables, the performance of each PM LUR model was improved. The results suggest that road area is a better indicator of traffic intensity rather than road length in a city with high density of road network and traffic.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:de Hoogh, Kees
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0048-9697
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Related URLs:
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Apr 2015 09:12
Deposited On:10 Apr 2015 09:12

Repository Staff Only: item control page