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Trends in severity of illness on ICU admission and mortality among the elderly

Fuchs, L. and Novack, V. and McLennan, S. and Celi, L. A. and Baumfeld, Y. and Park, S. and Howell, M. D. and Talmor, DS.. (2014) Trends in severity of illness on ICU admission and mortality among the elderly. Plos One, Vol. 9, H. 4 , e93234.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6233720

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Abstract

Background: Previous studies have shown that there is an increase in admission rate for elderly patients to the ICU. Mortality rates are lower when more liberal ICU admission threshold are used in hospitals with high ICU bed capacity compared to more restrictive threshold among hospitals with lower ICU bed capacities. We sought to describe the temporal trends in elderly admissions and outcomes in a tertiary hospital before and after the addition of an 8-bed medical ICU. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a comprehensive longitudinal ICU database, from a large tertiary medical center, examining trends in patients’ characteristics, severity of illness, intensity of care and mortality rates over the years 2001- 2008. The study population consisted of elderly patients who had an unplanned ICU admission. The primary endpoints were 28 day and one year mortality from unplanned ICU admission. Results: Between the years 2001 and 2008, 7,265 elderly patients above the age of 65 had 8,916 unplanned admissions to ICU. The rate of admission to the ICU of elderly patients increased by 5.6% per year. After 2006, the year when an eight bed MICU was added, the severity of disease on ICU admission dropped significantly and crude mortality rates decreased thereafter. Adjusting for severity of disease on presentation, there was a decreased mortality at 28- days but no improvement in one- year survival rates for elderly patient admitted to the ICU over the years of observation. Hospital mortality rates have been unchanged from 2001 through 2008. Conclusion: In a high capacity ICU bed hospital, there was a temporal decrease in severity of disease on ICU admission, more so after the addition of additional medical ICU beds. While crude mortality rates decreased over the study period, adjusted one-year survival in ICU survivors did not change with the addition of ICU beds. These findings suggest that outcome in critically ill elderly patients may not be influenced by ICU admission. Adding additional ICU beds to deal with the increasing age of the population may therefore not be effective.
Faculties and Departments:08 Cross-disciplinary Subjects > Ethik > Institut für Bio- und Medizinethik > Bio- und Medizinethik (Elger)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Ethik in der Medizin > Bio- und Medizinethik (Elger)
UniBasel Contributors:Mc Lennan, Stuart Roger
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Mar 2015 07:44
Deposited On:06 Mar 2015 07:44

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