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Malaria mortality in Africa and Asia : evidence from INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance system sites

Streatfield, P. Kim and Khan, Wasif A. and Bhuiya, Abbas and Hanifi, Syed M. A. and Alam, Nurul and Diboulo, Eric and Sié, Ali and Yé, Maurice and Compaoré, Yacouba and Soura, Abdramane B. and Bonfoh, Bassirou and Jaeger, Fabienne and Ngoran, Eliezer K. and Utzinger, Juerg and Melaku, Yohannes A. and Mulugeta, Afework and Weldearegawi, Berhe and Gomez, Pierre and Jasseh, Momodou and Hodgson, Abraham and Oduro, Abraham and Welaga, Paul and Williams, John and Awini, Elizabeth and Binka, Fred N. and Gyapong, Margaret and Kant, Shashi and Misra, Puneet and Srivastava, Rahul and Chaudhary, Bharat and Juvekar, Sanjay and Wahab, Abdul and Wilopo, Siswanto and Bauni, Evasius and Mochamah, George and Ndila, Carolyne and Williams, Thomas N. and Desai, Meghna and Hamel, Mary J. and Lindblade, Kim A. and Odhiambo, Frank O. and Slutsker, Laurence and Ezeh, Alex and Kyobutungi, Catherine and Wamukoya, Marylene and Delaunay, Valérie and Diallo, Aldiouma and Douillot, Laetitia and Sokhna, Cheikh and Gómez-Olivé, F. Xavier and Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa W. and Mee, Paul and Herbst, Kobus and Mossong, Joël and Chuc, Nguyen T. K. and Arthur, Samuelina S. and Sankoh, Osman A. and Tanner, Marcel and Byass, Peter. (2014) Malaria mortality in Africa and Asia : evidence from INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance system sites. Global health action, Vol. 7 , 25369.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6319302

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Abstract

Malaria continues to be a major cause of infectious disease mortality in tropical regions. However, deaths from malaria are most often not individually documented, and as a result overall understanding of malaria epidemiology is inadequate. INDEPTH Network members maintain population surveillance in Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites across Africa and Asia, in which individual deaths are followed up with verbal autopsies.; To present patterns of malaria mortality determined by verbal autopsy from INDEPTH sites across Africa and Asia, comparing these findings with other relevant information on malaria in the same regions.; From a database covering 111,910 deaths over 12,204,043 person-years in 22 sites, in which verbal autopsy data were handled according to the WHO 2012 standard and processed using the InterVA-4 model, over 6,000 deaths were attributed to malaria. The overall period covered was 1992-2012, but two-thirds of the observations related to 2006-2012. These deaths were analysed by site, time period, age group and sex to investigate epidemiological differences in malaria mortality.; Rates of malaria mortality varied by 1:10,000 across the sites, with generally low rates in Asia (one site recording no malaria deaths over 0.5 million person-years) and some of the highest rates in West Africa (Nouna, Burkina Faso: 2.47 per 1,000 person-years). Childhood malaria mortality rates were strongly correlated with Malaria Atlas Project estimates of Plasmodium falciparum parasite rates for the same locations. Adult malaria mortality rates, while lower than corresponding childhood rates, were strongly correlated with childhood rates at the site level.; The wide variations observed in malaria mortality, which were nevertheless consistent with various other estimates, suggest that population-based registration of deaths using verbal autopsy is a useful approach to understanding the details of malaria epidemiology.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Utzinger, Jürg and Jäger, Fabienne and Tanner, Marcel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Co-Action Publishing]
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:04 Sep 2015 14:32
Deposited On:09 Jan 2015 09:24

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