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Suicidality in the prospective Zurich study : prevalence, risk factors and gender

Angst, Jules and Hengartner, Michael P. and Rogers, Jonathan and Schnyder, Ulrich and Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph and Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta and Rössler, Wulf. (2014) Suicidality in the prospective Zurich study : prevalence, risk factors and gender. European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience, Vol. 264, H. 7. pp. 557-565.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6308469

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Abstract

Our prospective Zurich study (1978-2008) found that suicidal ideation had occurred in 40.5 % and suicide attempts in 6.6 % of the population by age 50. Important gender differences were found in both suicidality and its risk factors. Suicide attempts were earlier and more frequent among women than among men: 70 versus 44 % reported their first suicide attempt before 20. For women, the relative risk of suicide attempts was 1.6, but the relative risk of suicidal ideation was about equal (1.1 for women). The main risk factors for suicidal ideation in women were low social support (OR 4.0) and frequent punishment in childhood (OR 3.7), and in men, a depressive (OR 6.5) and an anxious personality (OR 4.6). The main risk factors for suicide attempts in women were a broken home (OR 10.2) and sexual abuse/violence (OR 7.9) in childhood; in men, no multivariate analyses of suicide attempt were conducted because of insufficient statistical power.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0940-1334
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:05 Dec 2014 09:45
Deposited On:05 Dec 2014 09:45

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