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Vaccines safety; effect of supervision or SMS on reporting rates of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with meningits vaccine (MenAfriVacTM) : a randomized controlled trial

Ateudjieu, Jerome and Stoll, Beat and Nguefack-Tsague, Georges and Tchangou, Christoph and Genton, Blaise. (2014) Vaccines safety; effect of supervision or SMS on reporting rates of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with meningits vaccine (MenAfriVacTM) : a randomized controlled trial. Vaccine : the official journal of the International Society for Vaccines, 32 (43). pp. 5662-5668.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6308392

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Abstract

To ensure vaccines safety, given the weaknesses of the national pharmacovigilance system in Cameroon, there is a need to identify effective interventions that can contribute to improving AEFI reporting.; To assess the effect of: (i) sending weekly SMS, or (ii) weekly supervisory visits on AEFI reporting rate during a meningitis immunization campaign conducted in Cameroon in 2012 using the meningitis A conjugate vaccine (MenAfriVacâ„¢).; Health facilities that met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to receive: (i) a weekly standardized SMS, (ii) a weekly standardized supervisory visits or (iii) no intervention. The primary outcome was the reported AEFI incidence rate from week 5 to 8 after the immunization campaign. Poisson regression model was used to estimate the effect of interventions after adjusting for health region, type of health facility, type and position of health workers as well as the cumulative number of AEFI reported from weeks 1 to 4.; A total of 348 (77.2%) of 451 health facility were included, and 116 assigned to each of three groups. The incidence rate of reported AEFI per 100 health facility per week was 20.0 (15.9-24.1) in the SMS group, 40.2 (34.4-46.0) in supervision group and 13.6 (10.1-16.9) in the control group. Supervision led to a significant increase of AEFI reporting rate compared to SMS [adjusted RR=2.1 (1.6-2.7); p>0.001] and control [RR=2.8(2.1-3.7); p>0.001)] groups. The effect of SMS led to some increase in AEFI reporting rate compared to the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant [RR=1.4(0.8-1.6); p=0.07)].; Supervision was more effective than SMS or routine surveillance in improving AEFI reporting rate. It should be part of any AEFI surveillance system. SMS could be useful in improving AEFI reporting rates but strategies need to be found to improve its effectiveness, and thus maximize its benefits.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Genton, Blaise
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier ; [Online:] Amsterdam
ISSN:0264-410X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 May 2018 10:28
Deposited On:07 Nov 2014 08:28

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