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Sex-specific associations of cardiovascular risk factors with carotid stiffness : results from the SAPALDIA Cohort Study

Caviezel, Seraina and Dratva, Julia and Schaffner, Emmanuel and Schindler, Christian and Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth and de Groot, Eric and Burdet, Luc and Rothe, Thomas and Pons, Marco and Gaspoz, Jean-Michel and Rochat, Thierry and Künzli, Nino and Probst-Hensch, Nicole and Schmidt-Trucksäss, Arno. (2014) Sex-specific associations of cardiovascular risk factors with carotid stiffness : results from the SAPALDIA Cohort Study. Atherosclerosis, Vol. 235, H. 2. pp. 576-584.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6288920

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Abstract

Manifestation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) occurs with clear sex differences. Carotid stiffness (CS) parameters are increasingly used for CVD risk assessment but the sex-specific association with CVD risk factors as well as association patterns between CS parameters are largely unknown, which we investigated in SAPALDIA population-based cohort participants.; Risk factors of 2545 participants without clinically manifest disease were evaluated in 2001-2003 and different CS parameters were assessed in carotid ultrasound scans in 2010-2011. Stratified and non-stratified mixed linear models and multivariate regression analyses were used to examine sex-specific associations, differences and association patterns of single risk factors and CS parameters.; HDL cholesterol was the only significant protective determinant of reduced CS for both sexes (ranges of CS parameters: -3.7; -0.8% of changes in geometric mean per 1SD of the risk factor on an inverted scale) and significant adverse risk factors were BMI (-0.5; 4.7%), systolic (-1.23; 4.7%) and diastolic blood pressure (1.4; 4.4%), heart rate (2.7; 7.9%), C-reactive protein (0.6; 3.3%) and smoking (-2.82; 1%), all p-values of multivariate analyses were >0.01. Sex differences with stiffer CS parameters in men were observed for increased heart rate (p = 0.001) and LDL cholesterol (p > 0.001) and in women for triglyceride (p > 0.003). Similar association patterns were found for most CS parameters.; Sex-specific associations of cardiovascular risk factors may reflect a sex-specific burden of atherosclerotic risk factors and similar association patterns across different CS parameters within men and women may allow the use of CS parameters in an exchangeable manner.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Dratva, Julia and Schaffner, Emmanuel and Schindler, Christian and Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth and Künzli, Nino and Probst Hensch, Nicole
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0021-9150
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 Oct 2014 09:19
Deposited On:10 Oct 2014 09:19

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