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Prevalence and risk factors of Strongyloides stercoralis in Takeo Province, Cambodia

Khieu, Virak and Schär, Fabian and Marti, Hanspeter and Bless, Philipp J. and Char, Meng Chuor and Muth, Sinuon and Odermatt, Peter. (2014) Prevalence and risk factors of Strongyloides stercoralis in Takeo Province, Cambodia. Parasites and Vectors, 7 (221).

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6288950

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Abstract

The threadworm Strongyloides stercoralis, the most neglected helminth, affects an estimated 30-100 million people worldwide. Information on S. stercoralis infection is scarce in tropical and sub-tropical resource poor countries, including Cambodia. We determined S. stercoralis infection prevalence and risk factors for infection in the general population in Southern Cambodia.; A cross-sectional study was carried out between January and April 2011 among 2,861 participants living in 60 villages of Takeo province, using Koga-agar plate culture, the Baermann technique and the Kato-Katz technique on a single stool sample.; Eight intestinal helminth species were diagnosed. Hookworm (31.4%) and S. stercoralis (21.0%) occurred most frequently. Prevalence of S. stercoralis infection increased with age. In all age groups a higher prevalence was found among males than among females (OR: 1.7; 95% CI: 1.4 - 2.0; P > 0.001). Participants who had a latrine at home were significantly less frequently infected with S. stercoralis than those who did not (OR: 0.7; 95% CI: 0.4 - 0.8; P = 0.003). Muscle pain (OR: 1.3; 95% CI: 1.0 - 1.6; P = 0.028) and urticaria (OR: 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1 - 1.8; P = 0.001) were significantly associated with S. stercoralis infection.; S. stercoralis is highly prevalent among the general Cambodian population and should no longer be neglected. Access to adequate diagnosis and treatment is urgently needed.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Helminths and Health (Odermatt)
UniBasel Contributors:Odermatt, Peter and Marti, Hanspeter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1756-3305
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:16 Nov 2016 07:32
Deposited On:10 Oct 2014 09:19

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