Modification of different IgG1 antibodies via glutamine and lysine using bacterial and human tissue transglutaminase

Mindt, Thomas L. and Jungi, Vera and Wyss, Sara and Friedli, Alexandra and Pla, Gloria and Novak-Hofer, Ilse and Grünberg, Jürgen and Schibli, Roger. (2008) Modification of different IgG1 antibodies via glutamine and lysine using bacterial and human tissue transglutaminase. Bioconjugate chemistry, Vol. 19, H. 1. pp. 271-278.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004604

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The modification of proteins by chemical methods is well-established, however usually difficult to control. In this paper, we describe the posttranslational modification of different IgGs via the Lys or Gln side chains catalyzed by bacterial and human tissue transglutaminase (BTGase and TG2). For proof of concept, different IgG1s (commercial bovine IgG1, and L1CAM targeting chCE7 and chCE7 aglycosylated) were enzymatically functionalization with different fluorescent TGase substrates based on the CY3 analogue Dy547. The optimal reaction conditions were determined in order to assess the two enzymes. The efficiency of the enzymatic method was also compared with a standard chemical method employing a reactive NHS ester of Dy547. Three new TGase substrates were synthesized for this study including Lys-substrate 1 useful for BTGase and TG2 and two Gln-substrates tailor-made for BTGase (substrate 2) and TG2 (substrate 3). Of the two TGases tested, BTGase incorporated Lys-substrate 1 more efficiently than TG2. On the other hand, both enzymes reacted equally efficiently with the corresponding Gln-substrates 2 and 3. Reproducible labeling could be achieved in a broad concentration "window" of the substrates (up to 400 microM) without the risk of overlabeling of chCE7 or chCE7 aglycosylated. The biological activities of the functionalized antibodies were unaltered as shown by in vitro antigen affinity measurements and cell internalization experiments using confocal laser scanning microscopy. A maximum label-to-protein ratio of approximately 1 was achieved with chCE7 aglycosylated and substrate 1 using BTGase. It is important to recognize that the enzymatic activity of TGases enables the stable functionalization of proteins via the side chains of Gln, which is not possible by any chemical method available today. In addition, we could prove that the enzymatic modification of all antibodies occurred selectively at the heavy chain whereas the chemical method led to labelin of both the heavy and the light chains.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologische Chemie (Mindt)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologische Chemie (Mindt)
UniBasel Contributors:Mindt, Thomas L.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 May 2014 08:33
Deposited On:23 May 2014 08:33

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