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Delayed primary versus late secondary wound closure in the treatment of postsurgical sternum osteomyelitis

Berdajs, Denis A. and Trampuz, Andrej and Ferrari, Enrico and Ruchat, Patrick and Hurni, Michel and von Segesser, Ludwig K.. (2011) Delayed primary versus late secondary wound closure in the treatment of postsurgical sternum osteomyelitis. Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery, Vol. 12, H. 6. pp. 914-918.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004683

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Abstract

Sternal osteomyelitis and poststernotomy mediastinitis is a severe and life-threatening complication after the cardiac surgery. The incidence ranges up to 3% with a mortality rate up to 29%. In addition, postoperative infections after sternotomy are associated with prolonged hospital stay, increased healthcare costs and impaired quality of patient life, representing an economic and social burden. The emergence of increasing antimicrobial resistant bacteria augments the importance of postsurgical infections since the antimicrobial choices are becoming limited. Furthermore, the incidence of infection is an indicator for the quality of patient care in the international benchmark studies. Although several therapy strategies are nowadays present in clinical practice, there is a lack of evidence-based surgical consensus for treatment of this surgical complication. In most cases the poststernotomy mediastinitis involves surgical revision with debridement, open dressing and/or vacuum-assisted therapy. After the granulation tissue on open chest wound is achieved, secondary closure and/or reconstruction with vascularized soft tissue flaps, such as omentum or pectoral muscle is performed. It seems there is a need for more effective surgical treatment of poststernotomy wound infections, which may address the prolonged hospitalization and reduce the number of surgical interventions and with this also the perioperative morbidity. In light of this we propose a randomized study comparing new delayed primary closure of the sternum to the secondary vacuum-assisted closure.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Infektiologie > Infektiologie (Battegay M)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Infektiologie > Infektiologie (Battegay M)
UniBasel Contributors:Trampuz, Andrej
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Oxford Univ. Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Mar 2014 13:13
Deposited On:27 Mar 2014 13:13

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