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Ligation of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans by antibody-coated beads stimulates phagocytic uptake into epithelial cells : a model for cellular invasion by Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Dehio, C. and Freissler, E. and Lanz, C. and Gomez-Duarte, O. G. and David, G. and Meyer, T. F.. (1998) Ligation of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans by antibody-coated beads stimulates phagocytic uptake into epithelial cells : a model for cellular invasion by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Experimental cell research, Vol. 242, H. 2. pp. 528-539.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259042

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Abstract

Binding of a particular opacity outer membrane protein (Opa) of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) of epithelial cells results in tight bacterial adherence; however, the role of this ligand-receptor interaction in triggering the subsequent bacterial internalization step is uncertain. Here we have used latex beads coated with HSPG-ligating antibodies as an in vitro model to study the role of HSPGs in gonococcal uptake into epithelial cells. Beads and gonococci showed the same cell line-specified adherence patterns and increase in phagocytic uptake mediated by serum or purified vitronectin (Vn). Heparitinase digestion as well as antibody competition experiments indicate that a critical level of HSPG ligation is necessary and sufficient to trigger phagocytic uptake into epithelial cells. Vn was found to specifically enhance HSPG-dependent phagocytic uptake while phagocytosis resulting from the ligation of other cell surface receptors was unaffected in the presence of Vn. Pharmacological studies with PKC inhibitors suggest a role for PKC in phagocytic uptake of HSPG-ligating beads. The use of drugs impairing cytoskeletal functions indicates that HSPG-dependent phagocytosis requires actin polymerization by a process distinct from receptor-mediated endocytosis.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Molecular Microbiology (Dehio)
UniBasel Contributors:Dehio, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0014-4827
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:21

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