House dust mite extract downregulates C/EBPα in asthmatic bronchial smooth muscle cells

Miglino, N. and Roth, M. and Tamm, M. and Borger, P.. (2011) House dust mite extract downregulates C/EBPα in asthmatic bronchial smooth muscle cells. The European respiratory journal, Vol. 38, H. 1. pp. 50-58.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004849

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Reduced translation of CEBPA mRNA has been associated with increased proliferation of bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) cells of asthma patients. Here, we assessed the effect of house dust mite (HDM) extracts on the cell proliferation ([(3)H]-thymidine incorporation), inflammation (interleukin (IL)-6 release) and upstream translation regulatory proteins of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP)? in human BSM cells of healthy controls and asthmatic patients. HDM extract significantly increased IL-6 protein and proliferation of BSM cells of asthma patients only. HDM extract reduced the C/EBP? expression in BSM cells of asthma patients, which coincided with significantly increased levels of calreticulin (CRT) protein, an inhibitor of CEBPA mRNA translation. HDM extract elicited both protease-dependent and -independent responses, which were mediated via protease-activated receptor (PAR)2 and CRT, respectively. In conclusion, HDM extract reduced CEBPA mRNA translation, specifically in asthmatic BSM cells, and 1) upregulated CRT, 2) activated PAR2, and increased 3) IL-6 expression and 4) the proliferation of asthmatic BSM cells. Hence, HDM exposure contributes to inflammation and remodelling by a nonimmune cell-mediated mechanism via a direct interaction with BSM cells. These findings may potentially explain several pathological features of this disease, in particular BSM cell hyperplasia.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Pulmonary Cell Research (Roth/Tamm)
UniBasel Contributors:Tamm, Michael and Roth-Chiarello, Michael
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Variant title: House dust mite extract downregulates C/EBPalpha in asthmatic bronchial smooth muscle cells -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 May 2015 08:45
Deposited On:27 Feb 2014 15:45

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