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Sex allocation and investment into pre- and postcopulatory traits in simultaneous hermaphrodites: the role of polyandry and local sperm competition

Schärer, Lukas and Pen, Ido. (2013) Sex allocation and investment into pre- and postcopulatory traits in simultaneous hermaphrodites: the role of polyandry and local sperm competition. Philosophical transactions. Biological sciences, Vol. 368, no. 1613 , 20120052.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6205594

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Abstract

Sex allocation theory predicts the optimal allocation to male and female reproduction in sexual organisms. In animals, most work on sex allocation has focussed on species with separate sexes and our understanding of simultaneous hermaphrodites is patchier. Recent theory predicts that sex allocation in simultaneous hermaphrodites should be strongly affected by postcopulatory sexual selection, while the role of precopulatory sexual selection is much less clear. Here we review sex allocation and sexual selection theory for simultaneous hermaphrodites, and identify several strong and potentially unwarranted assumptions. We then present a model that treats allocation to sexually selected traits as components of sex allocation and explore patterns of allocation when some of these assumptions are relaxed. For example, when investment into a male sexually selected trait leads to skews in sperm competition, causing local sperm competition, this is expected to lead to a reduced allocation to sperm production. We conclude that understanding the evolution of sex allocation in simultaneous hermaphrodites requires detailed knowledge of the different sexual selection processes and their relative importance. However, little is currently known quantitatively about sexual selection in simultaneous hermaphrodites, about what the underlying traits are, and about what drives and constrains their evolution. Future work should therefore aim at quantifying sexual selection and identifying the underlying traits along the pre- to postcopulatory axis.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Zoologie > Evolutionary Biology (Schärer)
UniBasel Contributors:Schärer, Lukas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Royal Society of London
ISSN:0962-8436
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:31 Jan 2014 09:50
Deposited On:31 Jan 2014 09:50

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