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Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in healthy companion animals living in nursing homes and in the community

Gandolfi-Decristophoris, Paola and Petrini, Orlando and Ruggeri-Bernardi, Nadia and Schelling, Esther. (2013) Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in healthy companion animals living in nursing homes and in the community. American journal of infection control, Vol. 41, H. 9. pp. 831-835.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6174364

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Abstract

Animals could be reservoirs of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) strains, but epidemiologic data on ESBL-producing bacteria in healthy pets are missing. We determined the prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in pets living in nursing homes and in households to investigate the potential role of companion animals as carriers of ESBL.; Three hundred seventy-six rectal swabs were taken from cats and dogs visiting or living in 68 randomly selected nursing homes or brought to 26 veterinary practices in Switzerland for routine mandatory vaccination. Isolates were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. Confirmatory tests were performed on the isolated Enterobacteriaceae. Phenotypic ESBL isolates were investigated for genetic determinants of resistance.; The overall prevalence of ESBL isolates, adjusted for clustering, was 2.5% (95% confidence interval: 1.3-4.6). Pets that received an antibiotic treatment in the 3 months prior to the study had a higher risk to be carriers of these microorganisms (Adjusted odds ratio, 7.8; 95% confidence interval: 2.2-26.9).; ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae were present in healthy cats and dogs, particularly from those with a history of antibiotic treatment. These animals could become ESBL reservoirs. Investigations are needed to assess the possible transmission of these microorganisms between pets and humans.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Human and Animal Health > Mobile Populations and Health (Schelling)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Schelling, Esther
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0196-6553
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:31 Jan 2014 09:49
Deposited On:31 Jan 2014 09:49

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