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Quantification of bone strength by intraoperative torque measurement : a technical note

Suhm, N. and Haenni, M. and Schwyn, R. and Hirschmann, M. and Müller, A. M.. (2008) Quantification of bone strength by intraoperative torque measurement : a technical note. Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery, Vol. 128, no. 6. pp. 613-620.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6007187

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Bone strength describes the resistance of bone against mechanical failure. Bone strength depends on both the amount of bone and the bone's quality, and the bone strength may be looked upon as a relevant parameter to judge an osteosynthesis' stability. Information about bone strength was barely available intraoperatively in the past. The previous work of our group reported on development and laboratory evaluation of mechanical torque measurement as a method for the intraoperative quantification of bone strength. With the clinical series presented here we intend to verify that the im gesamten Text DensiProbetrade mark instrumentation for intraoperative torque measurement and the related measurement method are eligible for intraoperative use based on the following criteria: application of the method may not create complications, the measurement can be performed by the surgeon himself and may only cause a limited increase in the procedure time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 2006 until May 2007 ten patients with a pertrochanteric femoral fracture or a lateral femoral neck fracture eligible for stabilization with DHS((R)) were included in the study after having received informed consent. Any medication and comorbidity that might have influenced bone quality or bone mineral density (BMD) in these patients was documented. Bone strength was intraoperatively measured with DensiProbe((R)). Complications that were obviously related with torque measurement were documented as well as any deviation from the suggested procedure; 6 and 12 weeks postoperative follow-up included clinical and radiological examination. The time required for torque measurement, the overall operating time and the number of persons present in the operating room were protocolled. BMD values of the contralateral femoral neck were postoperatively assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and compared to intraoperative peak torque values measured by DensiProbe((R)). RESULTS No major complication was observed during intraoperative application of DensiProbe((R))by trained surgeons. The unintended extraction of the guide wire together with the torque measurement probe was reported only once and is looked upon as a minor complication. Fracture healing was uneventful in all patients. The mean time for torque measurement was 2.35 +/- 0.9 min accounting for 2.2 +/- 1.1% of total surgery time. The presence of an additional person was not required to perform torque measurement but to protocol the data. There was a tendency towards correlation between BMD values of the femoral neck and intraoperative peak torque values. DISCUSSION: The data presented clearly indicate that the DensiProbe((R)) instrumentation and measurement principle are eligible for routine intraoperative use by trained surgeons. Interpretation of possible correlations between BMD values measured by means of DEXA and the Peak Torque values assessed by DensiProbe((R)) has to be considered very carefully, because BMD and Peak Torque analyse bone at a different scale. Only within the framework of a multicenter study it will be possible to include a sufficient number of patients for calculation of the methods' predictive value towards implant failure and to verify acceptance of the method by the surgeons.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe > Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie (Oertli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe > Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie (Oertli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Bewegungsapparat und Integument
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Bewegungsapparat und Integument
UniBasel Contributors:Suhm, Norbert
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0344-8444
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2013 08:29
Deposited On:08 Nov 2013 08:29

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