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Partnership of PGC-1α and HNF4α in the regulation of lipoprotein metabolism

Rhee, J. and Ge, H. and Yang, W. and Fan, M. and Handschin, C. and Cooper, M. and Lin, J. and Li, C. and Spiegelman, B. M.. (2006) Partnership of PGC-1α and HNF4α in the regulation of lipoprotein metabolism. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281 (21). pp. 14683-14690.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258717

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Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) is a transcriptional coactivator involved in several aspects of energy metabolism. It is induced or activated under different stimuli in a highly tissue-specific manner and subsequently partners with certain transcription factors in those tissues to execute various biological programs. In the fasted liver, PGC-1α is induced and interacts with hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) and other transcription factors to activate gluconeogenesis and increase hepatic glucose output. Given the broad spectrum of liver genes responsive to HNF4α, we sought to determine those that were specifically targeted by the combination of PGC-1α and HNF4α. Coexpression of these two molecules in murine stem cells reveals a high induction of mRNA for apolipoproteins A-IV and C-II. Forced expression of PGC-1α in mouse and human hepatoma cells increases the mRNA of a subset of apolipoproteins implicated in very low density lipoprotein and triglyceride metabolism, including apolipoproteins A-IV, C-II, and C-III. Coactivation of the apoC-III/A-IV promoter region by PGC-1α occurs through a highly conserved HNF4α response element, the loss of which completely abolishes activation by PGC-1α and HNF4α. Adenoviral infusion of PGC-1α into live mice increases hepatic expression of apolipoproteins A-IV, C-II, and C-III and increases serum and very low density lipoprotein triglyceride levels. Conversely, knock down of PGC-1α in vivo causes a decrease in both apolipoprotein expression and serum triglyceride levels. These data point to a crucial role for the PGC-1α/HNF4α partnership in hepatic lipoprotein metabolism.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Associated Research Groups > Pharmakologie (Handschin)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Growth & Development (Handschin)
UniBasel Contributors:Handschin, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
ISSN:0021-9258
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Sep 2017 09:50
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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