The significance of vasopressin as a pressor agent

Hofbauer, K. G. and Studer, W. and Mah, S. C. and Michel, J. B. and Wood, J. M. and Stalder, R.. (1984) The significance of vasopressin as a pressor agent. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Vol. 6 Suppl 2 , S429-S438.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258671

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The antidiuretic hormone, arginine-vasopressin (AVP), may participate in the regulation of blood pressure (BP) through its vasoconstrictor effects. In anesthetized rats, exogenous AVP induced stronger vasoconstriction in the mesenteric than in the renal vascular bed. Conversely, mesenteric but not renal vascular resistance was reduced by a vascular antagonist of AVP, d(CH2)5 VDAVP, in rats with increased endogenous AVP after anesthesia, dehydration, or injection of glycerol. Another vascular AVP-antagonist, d(CH2)5 Tyr (Me) AVP, induced a transient fall in BP in conscious primates (marmosets) after diuretic-induced volume depletion. In conscious rats with established deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)/salt hypertension, d(CH2)5 Tyr (Me) AVP decreased systolic BP after acute administration. After chronic administration of this antagonist during 6 weeks after the beginning of DOCA/salt treatment, the severity of hypertension was reduced. When another, AVP-antagonist, d(CH2)5-D-Tyr (Et) VAVP, which blocks vascular and renal tubular AVP-receptors, was administered chronically, the development of DOCA/salt hypertension was prevented at the expense of severe and persistent hypernatremia. These results demonstrate that under certain conditions the vascular effects of AVP may contribute to the maintenance of BP, AVP appears to participate in the pathogenesis of DOCA/salt hypertension through both its vasoconstrictor and its antidiuretic effects.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hofbauer)
UniBasel Contributors:Hofbauer, Karl G.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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