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Frequency, phenotype, and genotype of minute gastrointestinal stromal tumors in the stomach : an autopsy study

Muenst, Simone and Thies, Svenja and Went, Philip and Tornillo, Luigi and Bihl, Michel P. and Dirnhofer, Stephan. (2011) Frequency, phenotype, and genotype of minute gastrointestinal stromal tumors in the stomach : an autopsy study. Human pathology, Vol. 42, H. 12. pp. 1849-1854.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005868

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Abstract

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the human digestive tract. Up to 85% of these tumors show somatic gain-of-function mutation of the receptor tyrosine kinase c-KIT gene. A recent study has shown a high frequency (22.5%) of minute gastrointestinal stromal tumors in stomachs examined during routine autopsies. The aims of our study were to confirm the previously reported incidence of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors in routine autopsies and to investigate their molecular alterations. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors were collected prospectively from 578 autopsies over an 18-month period. After recording the size and location of each lesion, representative tissue samples were processed for hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemically stained for CD117 and CD34. Microdissected DNA from all identified gastrointestinal stromal tumors was studied for c-KIT and platelet-derived growth factor receptor ? mutations. We identified 17 gastrointestinal stromal tumors in 578 consecutive autopsies (2.9%) located in the gastric body (47%) and fundus (47%). One tumor location was not recorded. All tumors were immunohistochemically positive for CD117 and CD34. DNA analysis showed c-KIT mutations in 11 cases. One platelet-derived growth factor receptor ? mutation was found. The incidence of gastric minute gastrointestinal stromal tumors (2.9%) is higher than the reported clinical incidence. All are benign tumors, and most, including minute tumors, contain c-KIT mutations. This finding highlights the fact that c-KIT mutations are an early event in the evolution of gastrointestinal stromal tumors but are not sufficient per se for clinically relevant disease.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Histopathologie (Dirnhofer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Histopathologie (Dirnhofer)
UniBasel Contributors:Dirnhofer, Stephan and Tornillo, Luigi and Went, Philip Th.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:W.B. Saunders
ISSN:0046-8177
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:13 Sep 2013 07:59
Deposited On:13 Sep 2013 07:57

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