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The family of ammonium transporters (AMT) in Sorghum bicolor : two AMT members are induced locally, but not systemically in roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Koegel, Sally and Ait Lahmidi, Nassima and Arnould, Christine and Chatagnier, Odile and Walder, Florian and Ineichen, Kurt and Boller, Thomas and Wipf, Daniel and Wiemken, Andres and Courty, Pierre-Emmanuel. (2013) The family of ammonium transporters (AMT) in Sorghum bicolor : two AMT members are induced locally, but not systemically in roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The new phytologist, Vol. 198, H. 3. pp. 853-865.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6164895

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Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi contribute to plant nitrogen (N) acquisition. Recent studies demonstrated the transport of N in the form of ammonium during AM symbiosis. Here, we hypothesize that induction of specific ammonium transporter (AMT) genes in Sorghum bicolor during AM colonization might play a key role in the functionality of the symbiosis. For the first time, combining a split-root experiment and microdissection technology, we were able to assess the precise expression pattern of two AM-inducible AMTs, SbAMT3;1 and SbAMT4. Immunolocalization was used to localize the protein of SbAMT3;1. The expression of SbAMT3;1 and SbAMT4 was greatly induced locally in root cells containing arbuscules and in adjacent cells. However, a split-root experiment revealed that this induction was not systemic. By contrast, a strictly AM-induced phosphate transporter (SbPt11) was expressed systemically in the split-root experiment. However, a gradient of expression was apparent. Immunolocalization analyses demonstrated that SbAMT3;1 was present only in cells containing developing arbuscules. Our results show that the SbAMT3;1 and SbAMT4 genes are expressed in root cortical cells, which makes them ready to accommodate arbuscules, a process of considerable importance in view of the short life span of arbuscules. Additionally, SbAMT3;1 might play an important role in N transfer during AM symbiosis.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Botanik > Pflanzenphysiologie Pathogenabwehr (Boller)
UniBasel Contributors:Koegel, Sally and Wiemken, Andres M. and Courty, Pierre-Emmanuel and Boller, Thomas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Blackwell Science
ISSN:0028-646X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Sep 2013 07:59
Deposited On:13 Sep 2013 07:52

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