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Methods for the examination of cattle, sheep and goat dung in prehistoric wetland settlements with examples of the sites Alleshausen-Täschenwiesen and Alleshausen-Grundwiesen (around cal 2900 BC) at Lake Federsee, south-west Germany

Kühn, Marlu and Maier, Ursula and Herbig, Christoph and Ismail-Meyer, Kristin and Le Bailly, Matthieu and Wick, Lucia. (2013) Methods for the examination of cattle, sheep and goat dung in prehistoric wetland settlements with examples of the sites Alleshausen-Täschenwiesen and Alleshausen-Grundwiesen (around cal 2900 BC) at Lake Federsee, south-west Germany. Environmental Archaeology, 18 (1). pp. 43-57.

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Abstract

There has been evidence of dung in lakeside and moorland settlements since the beginning of wetland archaeology in the 19th century. While evidence has been found for the easily discernible faecal pellets of sheep and goats, recognition of cattle dung has proven to be considerably more difficult. In this study, we give an overview of evidence for dung remains in prehistoric wetland settlements in Germany, Switzerland and eastern France. Various methods for the analysis of uncharred dung remains are reviewed ‐ analyses of plant macro- and microremains, micromorphology and palaeoparasitology ‐ and are applied to two late Neolithic sites in Germany, Alleshausen-Täschenwiesen and Alleshausen-Grundwiesen. It will be shown that at Alleshausen-Täschenwiesen small ruminants were penned during the whole winter and fed on leaf hay unlike Alleshausen-Grundwiesen, where cattle browsed/grazed in the open during the day and were herded into the settlement during the night ‐ both in summer and in winter. Dung - Wiederkäuer-Dung - Seeufer - Viehhaltung - Viehfutter - Mikromorphologie - Parasit
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA) > Geoarchäologie (Rentzel)
UniBasel Contributors:Ismail-Meyer, Kristin M. and Kühn, Maria Luise Marlu and Wick, Lucia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1461-4103
e-ISSN:1749-6314
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:02 Nov 2017 14:32
Deposited On:13 Sep 2013 07:52

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