Transcription factor Dlx2 protects from TGFβ-induced cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis

Yilmaz, M. and Maass, D. and Tiwari, N. and Waldmeier, L. and Schmidt, P. and Lehembre, F. and Christofori, G.. (2011) Transcription factor Dlx2 protects from TGFβ-induced cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. The EMBO journal, Vol. 30, H. 21. pp. 4489-4499.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006556

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Acquiring resistance against transforming growth factor ? (TGF?)-induced growth inhibition at early stages of carcinogenesis and shifting to TGF?'s tumour-promoting functions at later stages is a pre-requisite for malignant tumour progression and metastasis. We have identified the transcription factor distal-less homeobox 2 (Dlx2) to exert critical functions during this switch. Dlx2 counteracts TGF?-induced cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in mammary epithelial cells by at least two molecular mechanisms: Dlx2 acts as a direct transcriptional repressor of TGF? receptor II (TGF?RII) gene expression and reduces canonical, Smad-dependent TGF? signalling and expression of the cell-cycle inhibitor p21(CIP1) and increases expression of the mitogenic transcription factor c-Myc. On the other hand, Dlx2 directly induces the expression of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family member betacellulin, which promotes cell survival by stimulating EGF receptor signalling. Finally, Dlx2 expression supports experimental tumour growth and metastasis of B16 melanoma cells and correlates with tumour malignancy in a variety of human cancer types. These results establish Dlx2 as one critical player in shifting TGF? from its tumour suppressive to its tumour-promoting functions.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Tumor Biology (Christofori)
UniBasel Contributors:Christofori, Gerhard M.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 May 2015 08:45
Deposited On:13 Sep 2013 07:49

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