ROS signaling by NOX4 drives fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation in the diseased prostatic stroma

Sampson, Natalie and Koziel, Rafal and Zenzmaier, Christoph and Bubendorf, Lukas and Plas, Eugen and Jansen-Dürr, Pidder and Berger, Peter. (2011) ROS signaling by NOX4 drives fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation in the diseased prostatic stroma. Molecular endocrinology, Vol. 25, H. 3. pp. 503-515.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005087

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Stromal remodeling, in particular fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation, is a hallmark of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and solid tumors, including prostate cancer (PCa). Increased local production of TGF?1 is considered the inducing stimulus. Given that stromal remodeling actively promotes BPH/PCa development, there is considerable interest in developing stromal-targeted therapies. Microarray and quantitative PCR analysis of primary human prostatic stromal cells induced to undergo fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation with TGF?1 revealed up-regulation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) producer reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (NOX4) and down-regulation of the selenium-containing ROS-scavenging enzymes glutathione peroxidase 3, thioredoxin reductase 1 (TXNRD1), and the selenium transporter selenoprotein P plasma 1. Consistently, NOX4 expression correlated specifically with the myofibroblast phenotype in vivo, and loss of selenoprotein P plasma 1 was observed in tumor-associated stroma of human PCa biopsies. Using lentiviral NOX4 short hairpin RNA-mediated knockdown, pharmacological inhibitors, antioxidants, and selenium, we demonstrate that TGF?1 induction of NOX4-derived ROS is required for TGF?1-mediated phosphorylation of c-jun N-terminal kinase, which in turn is essential for subsequent downstream cytoskeletal remodeling. Significantly, selenium supplementation inhibited differentiation by increasing ROS-scavenging selenoenzyme biosynthesis because glutathione peroxidase 3 and TXNRD1 expression and TXNRD1 enzyme activity were restored. Consistently, selenium depleted ROS levels downstream of NOX4 induction. Collectively, this work demonstrates that dysregulated redox homeostasis driven by elevated NOX4-derived ROS signaling underlies fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation in the diseased prostatic stroma. Further, these data indicate the potential clinical value of selenium and/or NOX4 inhibitors in preventing the functional pathogenic changes of stromal cells in BPH and PCa.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Stammzellpathologie (Bubendorf)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Stammzellpathologie (Bubendorf)
UniBasel Contributors:Bubendorf, Lukas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:The Endocrine Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Sep 2013 07:59
Deposited On:13 Sep 2013 07:49

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