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Convergence of amyloid-beta and tau pathologies on mitochondria in vivo

Eckert, Anne and Schulz, Kathrin L. and Rhein, Virginie and Götz, Jürgen. (2010) Convergence of amyloid-beta and tau pathologies on mitochondria in vivo. Molecular neurobiology, Vol. 41, H. 2/3. pp. 107-114.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6007640

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Abstract

The histopathological characteristics of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are amyloid-beta (Abeta) containing plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) as well as neuronal and synaptic loss. Until today, the underlying mechanisms of the interplay of plaques and tangles remained unresolved. There is increasing evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction might be a possible link, as revealed by studies in several APP and tau transgenic mouse models. Recently, we examined mitochondrial function in a novel triple transgenic mouse model (pR5/APP/PS2)--(triple)AD mice--that combines both pathologic features of the disease in brain. Using comparative, quantitative proteomics (iTRAQ) and mass spectroscopy, we found a massive deregulation of 24 proteins, of which one third were mitochondrial proteins mainly related to complexes I and IV of the oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS). Remarkably, deregulation of complex I was related to tau, whereas deregulation of complex IV was Abeta dependent, both at the protein and activity levels. The (triple)AD mice showed synergistic effects of Abeta and tau already at the age of 8 months, resulting in a depolarized mitochondrial membrane potential. At 12 months, the strongest defects on OXPHOS, synthesis of ATP and reactive oxygen species, were exhibited in the (triple)AD mice, again emphasizing synergistic, age-associated effects of Abeta and tau in impairing mitochondria. This review highlights the convergence of Abeta and tau on mitochondria and establishes a molecular link in AD pathology in vivo.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Lang)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Lang)
UniBasel Contributors:Eckert, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Further Journal Contribution
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0893-7648
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal item
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Last Modified:16 Aug 2013 07:34
Deposited On:16 Aug 2013 07:31

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