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Effect of a lifestyle intervention on adiposity and fitness in socially disadvantaged subgroups of preschoolers : a cluster-randomized trial (Ballabeina)

Bürgi, F. and Niederer, I. and Schindler, C. and Bodenmann, P. and Marques-Vidal, P. and Kriemler, S. and Puder, J. J.. (2012) Effect of a lifestyle intervention on adiposity and fitness in socially disadvantaged subgroups of preschoolers : a cluster-randomized trial (Ballabeina). Preventive medicine : an international journal devoted to practice and theory, Vol. 54, H. 5. pp. 335-340.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6094142

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: A multidimensional lifestyle intervention performed in 652 preschoolers (72% of migrant, 38% of low educational level (EL) parents) reduced body fat, but not BMI and improved fitness. The objective of this study is to examine whether the intervention was equally effective in children of migrant and/or low EL parents. METHODS: Cluster-randomized controlled single blinded trial, conducted in 2008/09 in 40 randomly selected preschools in Switzerland. The culturally tailored intervention consisted of a physical activity program and lessons on nutrition, media use and sleep. Primary outcomes included BMI and aerobic fitness. Secondary outcomes included %body fat, waist circumference and motor agility. RESULTS: Children of migrant parents benefitted similarly from the intervention compared to their counterparts (p for interaction</=0.09). However, children of low EL parents benefitted less, although these differences did not reach statistical significance (p for interaction</=0.06). Average intervention effect sizes for BMI were -0.10, -0.05, -0.11 and 0.04kg/m(2) and for aerobic fitness were 0.55, 0.20, 0.37 and -0.05 stages for children of non-migrant, migrant, middle/high EL and low EL parents, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This intervention was similarly effective among preschoolers of migrant parents compared to their counterparts, while children of low EL parents benefitted less
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology
UniBasel Contributors:Schindler, Christian and Kriemler, Susi
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1096-0260
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Jul 2013 07:44
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:43

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