Phospholipid binding of synthetic talin peptides provides evidence for an intrinsic membrane anchor of talin

Seelig, A. and Blatter, X. L. and Frentzel, A. and Isenberg, G.. (2000) Phospholipid binding of synthetic talin peptides provides evidence for an intrinsic membrane anchor of talin. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275 (24). pp. 17954-17961.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258472

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Talin, an actin-binding protein, is assumed to anchor at the membrane via an intrinsic amino acid sequence. Three N-terminal talin fragments, 21-39 (S19), 287-304 (H18), and 385-406 (H17) have been proposed as potential membrane anchors. The interaction of the corresponding synthetic peptides with lipid model systems was investigated with CD spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimetry, and monolayer expansion measurements. The membrane model systems were neutral or negatively charged small unilamellar vesicles or monolayers with a lateral packing density of bilayers (32 mN/m). S19 partitions into charged monolayers/bilayers with a penetration area A(p) = 140 +/- 30 A(2) and a free energy of binding of DeltaG(0) = -5.7 kcal/mol, thereby forming a partially alpha-helical structure. H18 does not interact with lipid monolayers or bilayers. H17 penetrates into neutral and charged monolayers/bilayers with A(p) = 148 +/- 23 A(2) and A(p) = 160 +/- 15 A(2), respectively, forming an alpha-helix in the membrane-bound state. Membrane partitioning is mainly entropy-driven. Under physiological conditions the free energy of binding to negatively charged membranes is DeltaG(0) = -9. 4 kcal/mol with a hydrophobic contribution of DeltaG(h) = -7.8 kcal/mol, comparable to that of post-translationally attached membrane anchors, and an electrostatic contribution of DeltaG(h) = -1.6 kcal/mol. The latter becomes more negative with decreasing pH. We show that H17 provides the binding energy required for a membrane anchor.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig A)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig-Löffler, Anna
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Nov 2017 12:42
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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