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In vivo visualization and analysis of 3-D hemodynamics in cerebral aneurysms with flow-sensitized 4-D MR imaging at 3 T

Meckel, S. and Stalder, A. F. and Santini, F. and Radü, E. W. and Rüfenacht, D. A. and Markl, M. and Wetzel, S. G.. (2008) In vivo visualization and analysis of 3-D hemodynamics in cerebral aneurysms with flow-sensitized 4-D MR imaging at 3 T. Neuroradiology, Vol. 50, H. 6. pp. 473-484.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004267

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Blood-flow patterns and wall shear stress (WSS) are considered to play a major role in the development and rupture of cerebral aneurysms. These hemodynamic aspects have been extensively studied in vitro using geometric realistic aneurysm models. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of in vivo flow-sensitized 4-D MR imaging for analysis of intraaneurysmal hemodynamics. METHODS: Five cerebral aneurysms were examined using ECG-gated, flow-sensitized 4-D MR imaging at 3 T in three patients. Postprocessing included quantification of flow velocities, visualization of time-resolved 2-D vector graphs and 3-D particle traces, vortical flow analysis, and estimation of WSS. Flow patterns were analyzed in relation to aneurysm geometry and aspect ratio. RESULTS: Magnitude, spatial and temporal evolution of vortical flow differed markedly among the aneurysms. Particularly unstable vortical flow was demonstrated in a wide-necked parophthalmic ICA aneurysm (high aspect ratio). Relatively stable vortical flow was observed in aneurysms with a lower aspect ratio. Except for a wide-necked cavernous ICA aneurysm (low aspect ratio), WSS was reduced in all aneurysms and showed a high spatial variation. CONCLUSION: In vivo flow-sensitized 4-D MR imaging can be applied to analyze complex patterns of intraaneurysmal flow. Flow patterns, distribution of flow velocities, and WSS seem to be determined by the vascular geometry of the aneurysm. Temporal and spatial averaging effects are drawbacks of the MR-based analysis of flow patterns as well as the estimation of WSS, particularly in small aneurysms. Further studies are needed to establish a direct link between definitive flow patterns and different aneurysm geometries.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Medizinische Radiologie (Steinbrich)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Medizinische Radiologie (Steinbrich)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologie USB > Neuroradiologie (Stippich)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologie USB > Neuroradiologie (Stippich)
UniBasel Contributors:Radü, Ernst-Wilhelm and Wetzel, Stephan G.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0028-3940
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Jul 2013 07:43
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:36

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