The treatment of choroidal neovascularisation with intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (Avastin)

Valmaggia, C. and Niederberger, H. and Lang, C. and Kloos, P. and Haueter, I.. (2008) The treatment of choroidal neovascularisation with intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (Avastin). Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, Vol. 225, H. 5. pp. 380-384.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004232

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BACKGROUND: Although bevacizumab (Avastin) has only been approved for the treatment of colorectal carcinoma, many reports have shown that its intravitreal administration against choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) leads to a stabilisation or even a regression of the pathological neovessels, and thus to a positive evolution of visual acuity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April 2006 to July 2007, the CNV of different aetiologies were treated with intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (1.25 mg in 0.05 mL) in 300 patients with an average age of 75, 78 years. Fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography were used for the diagnosis and for the checks which were carried out every twelve weeks. The intravitreal injections were performed every six weeks until the macular findings were considered to be dry. The visual acuity was checked using an ETDRS chart. RESULTS: In all the groups considered the visual acuity was stabilised or improved on an average with + 4.44 ETDRS letters after 3.04 injections. During the follow-up six cardiovascular diseases were diagnosed and in one case a patient died. No ocular complications were reported after 1036 injections. CONCLUSIONS: The results clearly show that the intravitreal injections of bevacizumab are effective, safe and cost-effective. However, further randomised studies are needed to confirm the duration of the effect, as well as the good ocular and systemic tolerability of the drug.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
UniBasel Contributors:Valmaggia, Christophe
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Jun 2013 12:29
Deposited On:21 Jun 2013 12:25

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