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Co-infection of HIV and intestinal parasites in rural area of China

Tian, Li-Guang and Chen, Jia-Xu and Wang, Tian-Ping and Cheng, Guo-Jin and Steinmann, Peter and Wang, Feng-Feng and Cai, Yu-Chun and Yin, Xiao-Mei and Guo, Jian and Zhou, Li and Zhou, Xiao-Nong. (2012) Co-infection of HIV and intestinal parasites in rural area of China. Parasites and Vectors, 5 (36).

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6094103

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasite infections (IPIs) are among the most significant causes of illness and disease of socially and economically disadvantaged populations in developing countries, including rural areas of the People's Republic of China. With the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among rural Chinese populations, there is ample scope for co-infections and there have been increasing fears about their effects. However, hardly any relevant epidemiological studies have been carried out in the country. The aim of the present survey was to assess the IPI infection status among a representative sample of HIV-positive Chinese in rural Anhui province, and compare the findings with those from a cohort of non-infected individuals.
METHODS: A case control study was carried out in a rural village of Fuyang, Anhui province, China. Stool samples of all participants were examined for the presence of intestinal parasites. Blood examination was performed for the HIV infection detection and anemia test. A questionnaire was followed to all objects participated in the study.
RESULTS: A total of 302 HIV positive and 303 HIV negative individuals provided one stool sample for examination. The overall IPI prevalence of intestinal helminth infections among HIV positives was 4.3% (13/302) while it was 5.6% (17/303) among HIV negatives, a non-significant difference. The prevalence of protozoa infections among HIV positives was 23.2% while the rate was 25.8% among HIV negatives. The species-specific prevalences among HIV positives were as follows: 3.6% for hookworm, 0.7% for Trichuris trichiura, zero for Ascaris lumbricoides, 0.3% for Clonorchis sinensis, 1.3% for Giardia intestinalis, 16.2% for Blastocystis hominis, 1.7% for Entamoeba spp. and 8.3% for Cryptosporidium spp.. Cryptosporidium spp. infections were significantly more prevalent among HIV positives (8.3%) compared to the HIV negative group (3.0%; P>0.05). Among people infected with HIV,Cryptosporidium spp. was significantly more prevalent among males (12.6%) than females (4.4%; P>0.05). According to multivariate logistic regression, the factors significantly associated with parasite infections of the people who were HIV positive included sex (male: OR=6.70, 95% CI: 2.030, 22.114), younger age (less than 42 years old: OR= 4.148, 95% CI: 1.348, 12.761), and poor personal hygiene habits (OR=0.324, 95% CI: 0.105, 0.994)
CONCLUSIONS: HIV positive individuals are more susceptible to co-infections with Cryptosporidium spp. than HIV negative people, particularly younger males with poor personal hygiene habits, indicating a need for targeted hygiene promotion, IPI surveillance and treatment.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences
UniBasel Contributors:Steinmann, Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1756-3305
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:16 Nov 2016 14:41
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:20

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