Balance training and multi-task performance in seniors

Granacher, U. and Muehlbauer, T. and Bridenbaugh, S. and Bleiker, E. and Wehrle, A. and Kressig, R. W.. (2010) Balance training and multi-task performance in seniors. International journal of sports medicine, Vol. 31, H. 5. pp. 353-358.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006416

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Age-related impairment in gait patterns when simultaneously performing cognitive (CI) and/or motor (MI) interference tasks are associated with an increased risk of falling in seniors. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of balance training (BT) on walking performance with and without concurrently performing a CI and/or MI task in seniors. Twenty healthy women (n=14) and men (n=6) were assigned to either an intervention (n=11, age 71.9+/-4.8 yrs) or a control group (n=9, age 74.9+/-6.3 yrs). The intervention group conducted a six week BT (3/week). Pre and post tests included the assessment of stride-to-stride variability during single (walking), dual (CI or MI+walking), and triple (CI+MI+walking) task walking on an instrumented walkway. BT resulted in statistically significant reductions in stride time variability under single (p=0.02, Delta34.8%) but not dual or triple-task walking. Significant improvements in the MI task (p=0.05, Delta39.1%), but not in the CI task were found while walking. Findings showed that improved performance during single-task walking did not transfer to walking under dual or triple-task conditions suggesting multi-task BT as an alternative training modality. Improvement of the secondary motor but not cognitive task may indicate the need for the involvement of motor and particularly cognitive tasks during BT.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Geriatrie > Geriatrie (Kressig)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Geriatrie > Geriatrie (Kressig)
UniBasel Contributors:Kressig, Reto W.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:26 Apr 2013 07:02
Deposited On:26 Apr 2013 06:55

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