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A small portable rainfall simulator for reproducible experiments on soil erosion

Iserloh, T. and Fister, W. and Seeger, M. and Willger, H. and Ries, J. B.. (2012) A small portable rainfall simulator for reproducible experiments on soil erosion. Soil & tillage research, 124. pp. 131-137.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6070672

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Abstract

The importance of distinguishing and discretely studying the subprocesses of runoff generation and erosion has led to the development of rainfall simulations on small plots. We methodically upgraded a small portable rainfall simulator with particular respect to (1) rainfall characteristics that include homogeneous spatial rainfall distribution and drop spectrum, (2) handling, and (3) control of test conditions. We measured simulator characteristics with rain gauges, calibration plate and Laser Precipitation Monitor by Thies (LPM). The upgraded small rainfall simulator, and measurements of the improved rainfall characteristics are presented in this paper.The upgraded configuration shows the desired improvements: regarding drop size distribution, a close relationship to natural rainfall (Marshall & Palmer Distribution) can be observed. Due to low fall heights, measured drop fall velocities are slow; maximum velocities range between 3.4 and 5 m s1. Mean kinetic energy expenditure, mean kinetic energy per unit area and unit depth of rainfall and mean momentum are 214 J m2 h1, 5.8 J m2 mm1 and 0.016 kg m s1, respectively. The spatial rainfall distribution of the upgraded simulator is homogenous with a Christiansen-Uniformity Coefficient of 91%. The measured variables show extremely low variation throughout all tests and should therefore be reproducible in field investigations at any time.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geographie > Physiogeographie und Umweltwandel (Kuhn)
UniBasel Contributors:Fister, Wolfgang
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-1987
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:30 Nov 2017 15:04
Deposited On:01 Mar 2013 11:07

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