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Regulation of interleukin 3 mRNA expression in mast cells occurs at the posttranscriptional level and is mediated by calcium ions

Wodnar-Filipowicz, A. and Moroni, C.. (1990) Regulation of interleukin 3 mRNA expression in mast cells occurs at the posttranscriptional level and is mediated by calcium ions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 87, H. 2. pp. 777-781.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257903

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Abstract

Interleukin 3 (IL-3) is transiently produced by murine bone marrow-derived mast cells in response to antigen stimulation of the high-affinity immunoglobulin E receptors. We have studied the postreceptor signaling pathways involved in regulating expression of the IL-3 gene in the murine mast cell line PB-3c. Large amounts of IL-3 mRNA accumulated after exposure of cells to calcium ionophore A23187, a reagent that increases intracellular Ca2+. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, which stimulates protein kinase C, did not induce IL-3 mRNA accumulation, although it did potentiate the effect of A23187. Nuclear run-on analysis showed that the IL-3 gene is constitutively transcribed in unstimulated cells and that treatment with A23187 and/or phorbol ester has no influence on its transcription rate. The effect of A23187 was found to be due to stabilization of the IL-3 mRNA. In cells maintained in the presence of A23187 the IL-3 mRNA was stable during 3 hr of incubation with actinomycin D, whereas removal of A23187 under the same conditions resulted in rapid degradation of the mRNA. These results indicate that control of expression of the IL-3 gene in mast cells is primarily at the posttranscriptional level and that the Ca2(+)-dependent signal-transduction pathway plays an important role in this process. Synthesis of granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor mRNA in response to A23187 and phorbol ester was found to be subject to both transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Growth and Development (Moroni)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Growth and Development (Moroni)
UniBasel Contributors:Moroni, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:19

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