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Simple point-of-care risk stratification in acute coronary syndromes : the AMIS model

Kurz, D. J. and Bernstein, A. and Hunt, K. and Radovanovic, D. and Erne, P. and Siudak, Z. and Bertel, O.. (2009) Simple point-of-care risk stratification in acute coronary syndromes : the AMIS model. Heart : official journal of the British Cardiac Society, Vol. 95. pp. 662-668.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005833

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Early risk stratification is important in the management of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). OBJECTIVE: To develop a rapidly available risk stratification tool for use in all ACS. DESIGN AND METHODS: Application of modern data mining and machine learning algorithms to a derivation cohort of 7520 ACS patients included in the AMIS (Acute Myocardial Infarction in Switzerland)-Plus registry between 2001 and 2005; prospective model testing in two validation cohorts. RESULTS: The most accurate prediction of in-hospital mortality was achieved with the "Averaged One-Dependence Estimators" (AODE) algorithm, with input of seven variables available at first patient contact: age, Killip class, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation, history of heart failure, history of cerebrovascular disease. The c-statistic for the derivation cohort (0.875) was essentially maintained in important subgroups, and calibration over five risk categories, ranging from >1% to <30% predicted mortality, was accurate. Results were validated prospectively against an independent AMIS-Plus cohort (n = 2854, c-statistic 0.868) and the Krakow-Region ACS Registry (n = 2635, c-statistic 0.842). The AMIS model significantly outperformed established "point-of-care" risk-prediction tools in both validation cohorts. In comparison to a logistic regression-based model, the AODE-based model proved to be more robust when tested on the Krakow validation cohort (c-statistic 0.842 vs 0.746). Accuracy of the AMIS model prediction was maintained at 12-month follow-up in an independent cohort (n = 1972, c-statistic 0.877). CONCLUSIONS: The AMIS model is a reproducibly accurate point-of-care risk stratification tool for the complete range of ACS, based on variables available at first patient contact.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Further Research Groups at DBM > Signal Transduction (Resink/Erne)
UniBasel Contributors:Erne, Paul
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:BMJ Publ. Group
ISSN:1355-6037
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:46
Deposited On:01 Feb 2013 08:42

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