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Early- and long-term intravascular ultrasound and angiographic findings after bioabsorbable magnesium stent implantation in human coronary arteries

Waksman, Ron and Erbel, Raimund and Di Mario, Carlo and Bartunek, Jozef and de Bruyne, Bernard and Eberli, Franz R. and Erne, Paul and Haude, Michael and Horrigan, Mark and Ilsley, Charles and Böse, Dirk and Bonnier, Hans and Koolen, Jacques and Lüscher, Thomas F. and Weissman, Neil J.. (2009) Early- and long-term intravascular ultrasound and angiographic findings after bioabsorbable magnesium stent implantation in human coronary arteries. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Cardiovascular interventions : a journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 2. pp. 312-320.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005101

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the degradation rate and long-term vascular responses to the absorbable metal stent (AMS). BACKGROUND: The AMS demonstrated feasibility and safety at 4 months in human coronary arteries. METHODS: The PROGRESS-AMS (Clinical Performance and Angiographic Results of Coronary Stenting) was a prospective, multicenter clinical trial of 63 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent AMS implantation. Angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were conducted immediately after AMS deployment and at 4 months. Eight patients who did not require repeat revascularization at 4 months underwent late angiographic and IVUS follow-up from 12 to 28 months. RESULTS: The AMS was well-expanded upon deployment without immediate recoil. The major contributors for restenosis as detected by IVUS at 4 months were: decrease of external elastic membrane volume (42%), extra-stent neointima (13%), and intra-stent neointima (45%). From 4 months to late follow-up, paired IVUS analysis demonstrated complete stent degradation with durability of the 4-month IVUS indexes. The neointima was reduced by 3.6 +/- 5.2 mm(3), with an increase in the stent cross sectional area of 0.5 +/- 1.0 mm(2) (p = NS). The median in-stent minimal lumen diameter was increased from 1.87 to 2.17 mm at long-term follow-up. The median angiographic late loss was reduced from 0.62 to 0.40 mm by quantitative coronary angiography from 4 months to late follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Intravascular ultrasound imaging supports the safety profile of AMS with degradation at 4 months and maintains durability of the results without any early or late adverse findings. Slower degradation is warranted to provide sufficient radial force to improve long-term patency rates of the AMS.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Further Research Groups at DBM > Signal Transduction (Resink/Erne)
UniBasel Contributors:Erne, Paul
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1936-8798
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:46
Deposited On:01 Feb 2013 08:42

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